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Bharat Ratna for Vajpayee, Malviya

Bharat Ratna

New Delhi: Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a charismatic personality who crafted consensual politics that found acceptability across the political spectrum, was today chosen for the country’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna along with late educationist and freedom fighter Madan Mohan Malviya.

The announcement came ahead of the birthday of Vajpayee, who turns 90, and 153rd birth anniversary of Malviya tomorrow.

“The President has been pleased to award Bharat Ratna to Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya (posthumously) and to Atal Bihari Vajpayee,” a press communique from Rashtrapati Bhavan said.

Vajpayee, who was Prime Minister from 1998 to 2004, and has faded from public life due to age-related illness, is lauded as a statesman and has been often described as the moderate face of BJP.

Vajpayee has been credited with taking bold initiatives, notable being the attempt to bridge Indo-Pak differences.

India’s longest serving prime minister outside of Congress party, Vajpayee’s detractors called him the “mask” of RSS but still always had good words for him.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the conferment of Bharat Ratna on Malviya and Vajpayee was a “fitting recognition” of the services of the “illustrious stalwarts” to the nation.

Malviya and Vajpayee 44th and 45th Bharat Ratna recipients

Educationist Madan Mohan Malviya and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are the 44th and 45th distinguished personalities who have been conferred with country’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.

Early this year, Sachin Tendulkar and C N R Rao were given Bharat Ratna.

The others who were conferred with Bharat Ratna are:

1) C Rajagopalachari-   1954
2) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan- 1954
3) C V Raman- 1954
4) Bhagwan Das- 1955
5) Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya- 1955
6) Jawaharlal Nehru- 1955
7) Govind Ballabh Pant- 1957
8) Dhondo Keshav Karve- 1958
9) Bidhan Chandra Roy-  1961
10)Purushottam Das Tandon- 1961
11)Rajendra Prasad- 1962
12)Zakir Hussain-  1963
13)Pandurang Vaman Kan- 1963
14)Lal Bahadur Shastri- 1966
15)Indira Gandhi- 1971
16)V V Giri- 1975
17)K Kamaraj- 1976
 18)Mother Teresa- 1980
19)Acharya Vinoba Bhave- 1983
20)Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan- 1987
21)M G Ramachandra- 1988
22)B R Ambedkar-  1990
23)Nelson Mandela- 1990
24)Rajiv Gandhi- 1991
25)Vallabhbhai Patel- 1991
26)Morarji Desai- 1991
27)Maulana Abul Kalam Azad- 1992
28)J R D Tata- 1992
 29)Satyajit Ray- 1992
30)Gulzarilal Nanda-  1997
31)Aruna Asaf Ali- 1997
32)A P J Abdul Kalam- 1997
33)M S Subbulakshmi- 1998
34)Chidambaram Subramaniam- 1998
35)Jayaprakash Narayan- 1999
36)Amartya Sen- 1999
37)Gopinath Bordoloi- 1999
38)Pandit Ravi Shankar- 1999
39)Lata Mangeshkar-  2001
40)Ustad Bismillah Khan-  2001
41)Bhimsen Joshi-  2009
42)C N R Rao- 2014
43)Sachin Tendulkar-  2014

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