New tech tracks football in 3-D space
Researchers have developed a new system that can track a football in three-dimensional space using low-frequency magnetic fields.
The technology, developed by North Carolina State University and Carnegie Mellon University, in collaboration with Disney Research, could be particularly useful for situations when the ball is blocked from view, such as goal-line rushing attempts when the ball carrier is often buried at the bottom of a pile of players.
The technology could also be useful for tracking the forward progress of the ball, or for helping viewers follow the ball during games with low visibility – such as games played during heavy snow. Previous attempts to design technology that tracks the position of a football have used high frequency radio waves.
But these high frequency waves are absorbed by players and can be thwarted by the complex physical environment of a football stadium.
Because the technology would be most useful in pile-ups, when the ball is obscured by players, these high-frequency approaches aren’t practical – the absorbed radio waves would result in incorrect or incomplete data on where the ball is located.
“But low frequency magnetic fields don’t interact very strongly with the human body, so they are not affected by the players on the field or the stadium environment,” said Dr David Ricketts, an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at NC State.
“This is part of what makes our new approach effective,” said Ricketts, senior author of a paper describing the research in IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine.
The researchers designed and built a low frequency transmitter that is integrated into a football, and is within the standard deviation of accepted professional football weights. Antennas, placed around the football field, receive signals from the transmitter and track its location.
A touchdown is a means of scoring in American and Canadian football.
A team scores a touchdown by advancing the ball into the opponent’s end zone.
First down is the first in the series of four downs in which an offensive team must advance ten yards to retain possession of the ball.