Nobel Prize winner Tu Youyou
Chinese Nobel Prize winner Tu Youyou gestures while speaking during an interview in her apartment in Beijing, Wednesday, Oct. 7, 2015. Tu, along with scientists from Ireland and Japan, won the 2015 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discovering drugs against malaria and other parasitic diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people every year. In 1971, Tu successfully extracted from sweet wormwood an active ingredient that should be known as artemisinin, which turned out to be an effective cure of malaria. She became the first Chinese scientist to win a Nobel prize in science for work done in China and the first Chinese woman to win any Nobel prize.